A simple duplicate-resolving image host https://git.asonix.dog/asonix/pict-rs.git
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README.md

pict-rs

a simple image hosting service

Usage

Running

$ pict-rs -h
A simple image hosting service

Usage: pict-rs [OPTIONS] <COMMAND>

Commands:
  run             Runs the pict-rs web server
  filesystem      Migrate from the provided filesystem storage
  object-storage  Migrate from the provided object storage
  help            Print this message or the help of the given subcommand(s)

Options:
  -c, --config-file <CONFIG_FILE>
          Path to the pict-rs configuration file
      --old-db-path <OLD_DB_PATH>
          Path to the old pict-rs sled database
      --log-format <LOG_FORMAT>
          Format of logs printed to stdout [possible values: compact, json, normal, pretty]
      --log-targets <LOG_TARGETS>
          Log levels to print to stdout, respects RUST_LOG formatting
      --console-address <CONSOLE_ADDRESS>
          Address and port to expose tokio-console metrics
      --console-buffer-capacity <CONSOLE_BUFFER_CAPACITY>
          Capacity of the console-subscriber Event Buffer
      --opentelemetry-url <OPENTELEMETRY_URL>
          URL to send OpenTelemetry metrics
      --opentelemetry-service-name <OPENTELEMETRY_SERVICE_NAME>
          Service Name to use for OpenTelemetry
      --opentelemetry-targets <OPENTELEMETRY_TARGETS>
          Log levels to use for OpenTelemetry, respects RUST_LOG formatting
      --save-to <SAVE_TO>
          File to save the current configuration for reproducible runs
  -h, --help
          Print help information
  -V, --version
          Print version information
$ pict-rs run -h
Runs the pict-rs web server

Usage: pict-rs run [OPTIONS] [COMMAND]

Commands:
  filesystem      Run pict-rs with filesystem storage
  object-storage  Run pict-rs with object storage
  help            Print this message or the help of the given subcommand(s)

Options:
  -a, --address <ADDRESS>
          The address and port to bind the pict-rs web server
      --api-key <API_KEY>
          The API KEY required to access restricted routes
      --worker-id <WORKER_ID>
          ID of this pict-rs node. Doesn't do much yet
      --media-preprocess-steps <MEDIA_PREPROCESS_STEPS>
          Optional pre-processing steps for uploaded media
      --media-skip-validate-imports <MEDIA_SKIP_VALIDATE_IMPORTS>
          Whether to validate media on the "import" endpoint [possible values: true, false]
      --media-max-width <MEDIA_MAX_WIDTH>
          The maximum width, in pixels, for uploaded media
      --media-max-height <MEDIA_MAX_HEIGHT>
          The maximum height, in pixels, for uploaded media
      --media-max-area <MEDIA_MAX_AREA>
          The maximum area, in pixels, for uploaded media
      --media-max-file-size <MEDIA_MAX_FILE_SIZE>
          The maximum size, in megabytes, for uploaded media
      --media-max-frame-count <MEDIA_MAX_FRAME_COUNT>
          The maximum number of frames allowed for uploaded GIF and MP4s
      --media-enable-silent-video <MEDIA_ENABLE_SILENT_VIDEO>
          Whether to enable GIF and silent video uploads [possible values: true, false]
      --media-enable-full-video <MEDIA_ENABLE_FULL_VIDEO>
          Whether to enable full video uploads [possible values: true, false]
      --media-video-codec <MEDIA_VIDEO_CODEC>
          Enforce a specific video codec for uploaded videos [possible values: h264, h265, av1, vp8, vp9]
      --media-audio-codec <MEDIA_AUDIO_CODEC>
          Enforce a specific audio codec for uploaded videos [possible values: aac, opus, vorbis]
      --media-filters <MEDIA_FILTERS>
          Which media filters should be enabled on the `process` endpoint
      --media-format <MEDIA_FORMAT>
          Enforce uploaded media is transcoded to the provided format [possible values: jpeg, webp, png]
      --media-cache-duration <MEDIA_CACHE_DURATION>
          How long, in hours, to keep media ingested through the "cached" endpoint
  -h, --help
          Print help information (use `--help` for more detail)

Try running help commands for more runtime configuration options

$ pict-rs run filesystem -h
$ pict-rs run object-storage -h
$ pict-rs run filesystem sled -h
$ pict-rs run object-storage sled -h

See pict-rs.toml for more configuration

Example:

Run with the default configuration

$ ./pict-rs run

Running on all interfaces, port 8080, storing data in /opt/data

$ ./pict-rs run -a 0.0.0.0:8080 filesystem -p /opt/data/files sled -p /opt/data/sled-repo

Running locally, port 9000, storing data in data/, and converting all uploads to PNG

$ ./pict-rs run -a 127.0.0.1:9000 --media-format png filesystem -p data/files sled -p data/sled-repo

Running locally, port 8080, storing data in data/, and only allowing the thumbnail and identity filters

$ ./pict-rs run -a 127.0.0.1:8080 --media-filters thumbnail --media-filters identity filesystem -p data/files sled -p data/sled-repo

Running from a configuration file

$ ./pict-rs -c ./pict-rs.toml run

Migrating to object storage from filesystem storage

$ ./pict-rs filesystem -p data/sled-repo object-storage -a ACCESS_KEY -b BUCKET_NAME -r REGION -s SECRET_KEY

Dumping configuration overrides to a toml file

$ ./pict-rs --save-to pict-rs.toml run object-storage -a ACCESS_KEY -b pict-rs -r us-east-1 -s SECRET_KEY sled -p data/sled-repo

Docker

Run the following commands:

# Create a folder for the files (anywhere works)
$ mkdir ./pict-rs
$ cd ./pict-rs
$ mkdir -p volumes/pictrs
$ sudo chown -R 991:991 volumes/pictrs
$ wget https://git.asonix.dog/asonix/pict-rs/raw/branch/main/docker/prod/docker-compose.yml
$ sudo docker-compose up -d
Note
  • pict-rs makes use of the system's temporary folder. This is generally /tmp on linux
  • pict-rs makes use of an imagemagick security policy at /usr/lib/ImageMagick-$VERSION/config-Q16HDRI/policy.xml

Docker Development

With Arch
$ cargo build
$ sudo docker run --rm -it -p 8080:8080 -v "$(pwd):/mnt" archlinux:latest
# pacman -Syu imagemagick ffmepg perl-image-exiftool
# cp /mnt/docker/prod/root/usr/lib/ImageMagick-7.1.0/config-Q16HDRI/policy.xml /usr/lib/ImageMagick-7.1.0/config-Q16HDRI/
# PATH=$PATH:/usr/bin/vendor_perl RUST_LOG=debug /mnt/target/debug/pict-rs run
With Alpine
$ cross build --target=x86_64-unknown-linux-musl
$ sudo docker run --rm -it -p 8080:8080 -v "$(pwd):/mnt alpine:3.15
# apk add imagemagick ffmpeg exiftool
# cp /mnt/docker/prod/root/usr/lib/ImageMagick-7.1.0/config-Q16HDRI/policy.xml /usr/lib/ImageMagick-7.1.0/config-Q16HDRI/
# RUST_LOG=debug /mnt/target/x86_64-unknown-linux-musl/debug/pict-rs RUN

API

pict-rs offers the following endpoints:

  • POST /image for uploading an image. Uploaded content must be valid multipart/form-data with an image array located within the images[] key

    This endpoint returns the following JSON structure on success with a 201 Created status

    {
        "files": [
            {
                "delete_token": "JFvFhqJA98",
                "file": "lkWZDRvugm.jpg",
                "details": {
                    "width": 800,
                    "height": 800,
                    "content_type": "image/jpeg",
                    "created_at": "2022-04-08T18:33:42.957791698Z"
                }
            },
            {
                "delete_token": "kAYy9nk2WK",
                "file": "8qFS0QooAn.jpg",
                "details": {
                    "width": 400,
                    "height": 400,
                    "content_type": "image/jpeg",
                    "created_at": "2022-04-08T18:33:42.957791698Z"
                }
            },
            {
                "delete_token": "OxRpM3sf0Y",
                "file": "1hJaYfGE01.jpg",
                "details": {
                    "width": 400,
                    "height": 400,
                    "content_type": "image/jpeg",
                    "created_at": "2022-04-08T18:33:42.957791698Z"
                }
            }
        ],
        "msg": "ok"
    }
    
  • POST /image/backgrounded Upload an image, like the /image endpoint, but don't wait to validate and process it. This endpoint returns the following JSON structure on success with a 202 Accepted status

    {
        "uploads": [
            {
                "upload_id": "c61422e1-9294-4f1f-977f-c696b7939467",
            },
            {
                "upload_id": "62cc707f-725c-44b6-908f-2bd8946c3c29"
            }
        ],
        "msg": "ok"
    }
    
  • GET /image/download?url={url}&backgrounded=(true|false)&ephemeral=(true|false) Download an image from a remote server, returning the same JSON payload as the POST /image endpoint by default.

    if backgrounded is set to true, then the ingest processing will be queued for later and the response json will be the same as the POST /image/backgrounded endpoint.

    if ephemeral is set to true, the downloaded image will be marked as a "cached" image, and automatically removed from pict-rs N hours after its last access. The duration is configurable with the --media-cache-duration run flag, or the [media] cache_duration toml option.

  • GET /image/backgrounded/claim?upload_id={uuid} Wait for a backgrounded upload to complete, claiming it's result Possible results:

    • 200 Ok (validation and ingest complete):
      {
          "files": [
              {
                  "delete_token": "OxRpM3sf0Y",
                  "file": "1hJaYfGE01.jpg",
                  "details": {
                      "width": 400,
                      "height": 400,
                      "content_type": "image/jpeg",
                      "created_at": "2022-04-08T18:33:42.957791698Z"
                  }
              }
          ],
          "msg": "ok"
      }
      
    • 422 Unprocessable Entity (validation or otherwise failure):
      {
          "msg": "Error message about what went wrong with upload"
      }
      
    • 204 No Content (Upload validation and ingest is not complete, and waiting timed out) In this case, trying again is fine
  • GET /image/original/{file} for getting a full-resolution image. file here is the file key from the /image endpoint's JSON

  • GET /image/details/original/{file} for getting the details of a full-resolution image. The returned JSON is structured like so:

    {
        "width": 800,
        "height": 537,
        "content_type": "image/webp",
        "created_at": "2022-04-08T18:33:42.957791698Z"
    }
    
  • GET /image/process.{ext}?src={file}&... get a file with transformations applied. existing transformations include

    • identity=true: apply no changes

    • blur={float}: apply a gaussian blur to the file

    • thumbnail={int}: produce a thumbnail of the image fitting inside an {int} by {int} square using raw pixel sampling

    • resize={int}: produce a thumbnail of the image fitting inside an {int} by {int} square using a Lanczos2 filter. This is slower than sampling but looks a bit better in some cases

    • resize={filter}.(a){int}: produce a thumbnail of the image fitting inside an {int} by {int} square, or when (a) is present, produce a thumbnail whose area is smaller than {int}. {filter} is optional, and indicates what filter to use when resizing the image. Available filters are Lanczos, Lanczos2, LanczosSharp, Lanczos2Sharp, Mitchell, and RobidouxSharp.

      Examples:

      • resize=300: Produce an image fitting inside a 300x300 px square
      • reizie=.a10000: Produce an image whose area is at most 10000 px
      • resize=Mitchell.200: Produce an image fitting inside a 200x200 px square using the Mitchell filter
      • resize=RobidouxSharp.a40000: Produce an image whose area is at most 40000 px using the RobidouxSharp filter
    • crop={int-w}x{int-h}: produce a cropped version of the image with an {int-w} by {int-h} aspect ratio. The resulting crop will be centered on the image. Either the width or height of the image will remain full-size, depending on the image's aspect ratio and the requested aspect ratio. For example, a 1600x900 image cropped with a 1x1 aspect ratio will become 900x900. A 1600x1100 image cropped with a 16x9 aspect ratio will become 1600x900.

    Supported ext file extensions include png, jpg, and webp

    An example of usage could be

    GET /image/process.jpg?src=asdf.png&thumbnail=256&blur=3.0
    

    which would create a 256x256px JPEG thumbnail and blur it

  • GET /image/process_backgrounded.{ext}?src={file}&... queue transformations to be applied to a given file. This accepts the same arguments as the process.{ext} endpoint, but does not wait for the processing to complete.

  • GET /image/details/process.{ext}?src={file}&... for getting the details of a processed image. The returned JSON is the same format as listed for the full-resolution details endpoint.

  • DELETE /image/delete/{delete_token}/{file} or GET /image/delete/{delete_token}/{file} to delete a file, where delete_token and file are from the /image endpoint's JSON

The following endpoints are protected by an API key via the X-Api-Token header, and are disabled unless the --api-key option is passed to the binary or the PICTRS__SERVER__API_KEY environment variable is set.

A secure API key can be generated by any password generator.

  • POST /internal/import for uploading an image while preserving the filename as the first alias. The upload format and response format are the same as the POST /image endpoint.

  • POST /internal/purge?alias={alias} Purge a file by it's alias. This removes all aliases and files associated with the query.

    This endpoint returns the following JSON

    {
        "msg": "ok",
        "aliases": ["asdf.png"]
    }
    
  • GET /internal/aliases?alias={alias} Get the aliases for a file by it's alias

    This endpiont returns the same JSON as the purge endpoint

  • DELETE /internal/variants Queue a cleanup for generated variants of uploaded images.

    If any of the cleaned variants are fetched again, they will be re-generated.

  • GET /internal/identifier Get the image identifier (file path or object path) for a given alias

    On success, the returned json should look like this:

    {
        "msg": "ok",
        "identifier": "/path/to/object"
    }
    

Additionally, all endpoints support setting deadlines, after which the request will cease processing. To enable deadlines for your requests, you can set the X-Request-Deadline header to an i128 value representing the number of nanoseconds since the UNIX Epoch. A simple way to calculate this value is to use the time crate's OffsetDateTime::unix_timestamp_nanos method. For example,

// set deadline of 1ms
let deadline = time::OffsetDateTime::now_utc() + time::Duration::new(0, 1_000);

let request = client
    .get("http://pict-rs:8080/image/details/original/asdfghjkla.png")
    .insert_header(("X-Request-Deadline", deadline.unix_timestamp_nanos().to_string())))
    .send()
    .await;

Contributing

Feel free to open issues for anything you find an issue with. Please note that any contributed code will be licensed under the AGPLv3.

FAQ

Question: I want to configure it with yaml instead of toml

Answer: That's not a question, but you can configure pict-rs with json, hjson, yaml, ini, or toml. Writing configs in other formats is left as an exercise to the reader.

License

Copyright © 2022 Riley Trautman

pict-rs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

pict-rs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. This file is part of pict-rs.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with pict-rs. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.